We strive to create content that is clear, concise, and easy to understand. Since crack affects the nervous system, the nerves that impact a person’s iris and pupils in their eyes will be affected. This means that a person on crack will have dilated pupils since their eyes will not adjust to light as they normally do. Enter your phone number below to receive a free and confidential call from a treatment provider. To support their crack habit, your loved one might start borrowing money on a regular basis. They may also fall behind on bills, sell their possessions, and avoid activities or events that cost money.

Other Signs of Crack Addiction

She is the founder of The Master in You, a mental wellness site that provides information about the role that thoughts and emotions play in our physical and emotional health. Jenn is passionate about inner growth and the power of the mind-body connection, alcohol and anxiety and this informs her writing and research on addiction treatment. On Rehabaid, Jenn aims to write accessible, informative content and provide resources that can help people make empowered and informed decisions about their recovery.

Signs and Symptoms of a Crack Addiction

If you or someone you know is struggling with a cocaine addiction, there are treatment options that can help. Smoking crack can cause a condition called “crack lung,” a group of pneumonia-like symptoms that include chest pain, a bloody cough, shortness of breath, itching and a fever. Inhaling crack or powder cocaine can also lead to acute lung injury and respiratory arrest. Cocaine can be consumed in several ways, and each method of use comes with its own set of problems and dangers. The signs and symptoms of cocaine use can vary depending on whether a person snorts, injects, smokes or swallows the drug.

Effects of Orally Ingesting Cocaine

  1. Other chemicals that dealers add to cocaine can also irritate the lining of the nose.
  2. The brain’s dependence on crack causes these symptoms because it can no longer function normally without the drug.
  3. Not everyone who uses substances with the potential to be addictive develops an addiction.
  4. Cocaine addiction is one of the different stimulant use disorders.

Lauren Brande, MA, has dedicated her life to psychological research. She started off her career with a scholarship from the Western Psychological Association for her undergraduate work in perceptual processing. In 2014, she achieved her master of arts in psychology from Boston University, harnessing a particular interest in the effects that drugs and trauma have on the functioning brain. Combining crack and other drugs can increase the risk of an overdose. When a person experiences an overdose, their body becomes pathologically over-stimulated—often resulting in the development of seizure activity or heart rate and rhythm disturbances.

Risk Factors of Cocaine Abuse

The signs of cocaine use disorder (CUD) are often difficult to recognize. Since many people abuse cocaine at parties or social events, they may not know they are addicted. However, an individual tolerating the drug will experience withdrawal symptoms after stopping use.

Key signs of a cocaine overdose include a fast heart rate, elevated blood pressure, faster breathing, high body temperature, sweating, widened pupils and agitation. Overdose can occur unexpectedly and may even happen the first time someone tries cocaine. Using ambien high doses or mixing cocaine with alcohol or other drugs increases the risk of overdose. People who use cocaine regularly may develop a physical tolerance to the drug. When this happens, they require larger amounts to achieve the same desired effects.

Preston had used cocaine for 20 years by the time he started smoking crack. He says the first hit of crack was enough to make him fall in love with the drug and derail his life. He lost everything — his house, his job, his family and his daughter — because of his crack addiction. Under the influence of crack cocaine, the cell is unable to reabsorb the dopamine, causing an influx of the neurotransmitter in the brain. This alters brain chemistry, leading crack users to develop intense cravings for the drug. The pleasurable effects of smoking crack last for only five to 10 minutes, causing users to smoke more to maintain the effects.

When a person is addicted to cocaine, they may begin to use it with methods that produce a more intense effect—such as smoking or injecting the drug instead of snorting it. Sometimes an intense effect is achieved by using more powerful forms of the drug, such as crack, or using other drugs in addition to cocaine. When snorted, smoked, or injected, cocaine induces intense feelings of euphoria. Over time, however, the body alters its own natural patterns in terms of production and reuptake of the neurotransmitters.

They’ll be able to recommend treatment programs that cater to your needs. This is because the body needs time to recover from the side effects of the drug. This can cause you to use the drug repeatedly, leading to addiction or dependence. Injecting cocaine with unclean needles increases one’s risk of contracting hepatitis, AIDS, and other infections. Crack became more widely used in the U.S. during the 1980s on account of the drug being relatively easy and inexpensive to produce.

Cocaine can also cause other adverse effects, such as anxiety, crawling sensations on the skin, hallucinations, and paranoia. Some of these feelings can persist, or might even increase, during the comedown (“crash”) as the euphoria is wearing off. There is currently no medication that can reverse the effects of a cocaine overdose. However, medical professionals can provide treatments to stabilize a person’s symptoms.

This article lists the physical, behavioral, and psychological signs of cocaine use and the symptoms of cocaine intoxication. It’s essential to be aware of these signs, symptoms, and health effects of cocaine use to break the habit and get treatment if needed. Cocaine is a stimulant many at risk for alcohol-medication interactions national institutes of health nih drug that is known for producing effects such as energy, increased alertness, euphoria, talkativeness, and decreased appetite. It is highly addictive, and people can experience a strong craving for cocaine almost as soon as the drug leaves their leaves the bloodstream.